One Dog at a Time


The other evening I was chatting with my sister-in-law about her kids and she was telling me about this incredible trip that her and just her older daughter (age 5) took to Paris together. And then she said the following:  “My kids are awesome when they’re by themselves.”  To which I replied, “Well, of course, so are my dogs.”

Living in a multi-dog household versus a one-dog household is akin to roller skating versus salsa dancing while swinging from a trapeze while wearing scuba gear and juggling roller skates. One is pretty straightforward (at least comparatively speaking), and the other is just a f!@#ing mess. Which is why the first time I tried walking just one dog at a time, I felt like I’d exchanged my roller skates and scuba gear for a Segway.


Before adopting Peaches, and taking the time to read and learn more about dog behavior, my husband and I were living in a split-level condo with no yard and two dogs.  So our daily routine involved three walks a day with both dogs down to the local park and back.  Our two rescue dogs, both of whom we adopted as puppies, were 6 months apart.  Neither had any significant behavioral issues. However, every time we walked them and passed other people or people with dogs, our younger dog Hudson would get worked up and redirect on our other dog, Charlie.  It was no big deal and manageable, but nonetheless stressful.  During the first five years of these two dogs’ lives, we never once took either of them anywhere by themselves.  When we did anything with them, it was always together.  We might have varied where we went, for how long and with whom, but no matter what, we always made sure to take both dogs.


Once we transitioned to a three-dog household, and then four shortly after, walking all of our dogs together became pretty unrealistic.  That was also about the time that I started taking regular obedience classes with a local animal behavior consultant and dog trainer and learning more about leash training and dog behavior.


Eventually, I started taking just one dog at a time on walks in and around where I lived. Sometimes it was a 45-minute walk, sometimes it was as short as 15 minutes.  But, it was always just one dog at a time. And that’s when something remarkable happened:  I fell in love with dog walks and I actually learned something about each of my individual dogs.

As it turns out, our dog, Hudson, who I always assumed was the problem dog, redirecting on Charlie and being reactive towards other people and dogs, was not the problem at all. Charlie was the reactive dog, and Hudson was reacting to him.  Hudson, as it turns out, is our easiest and most enjoyable dog to walk.  He trots along at whatever pace we’re willing to move, rarely lingering too long at any given spot and totally ignoring even the most reactive of dogs that we pass.  Occasionally, I’ll walk Hudson and Peaches together because Hudson’s presence relaxes Peaches, who can get pretty nervous in new or stressful situations.


Dogs are different when they’re by themselves.  And taking the time to walk, train and travel 1-on-1 with your dogs can offer you infinite insight into who they are as individuals and what their potential training and enrichment needs might be.  A couple years ago I took a road trip from Michigan to Utah with just one of our dogs, Buster Brown, and it was one of the most enjoyable and enlightening bonding experiences I’ve ever had with a pet.

I cannot emphasize enough how life-changing it was for me when I bothered to discover how much more enjoyable and productive three 20-minute walks with one dog at a time can be instead of one hour-long, action-packed walk with all three dogs at once.  Quality of a walk (for both dog and human) is considerably more important than duration.


Consider one of my favorite excerpts from  Feeling Outnumbered? How to Manage and Enjoy Your Multi-dog Household  by Karen London and Patricia McConnell:

One at a Time.  We’ve had lots of clients who had nothing but trouble trying to walk their two or three dogs around the neighborhood. Perhaps one dog was reactive to other dogs and set the rest of the group off . . .

All of these clients were grateful when we said: “You know, it’s okay to not walk all your dogs at the same time.”  That may seem like a stunningly obvious thing to say, but when you’re the one in the middle of  a forest of paws, it’s easy to lose track of the path out of the woods. . .

Of course, separate walks take lots more time, and you simply may not have it.  That might not be a problem–in some cases your dog might be better off skipping neighborhood walks . . you can use trick training and exercises inside the house and yard to keep the non-walker busy and in condition.


For those of you out there who do currently walk two or three or even four dogs at a time for 45 or 60 minutes or however long you go for, I recommend the following:

  • For just a few days, try walking each individual dog for 15 or 20 minutes each and note the difference for both you and that dog.  Is it more enjoyable for you?  Does the dog seem more or less anxious or relaxed?  What kind of body language are they exhibiting?  How often do they stop to sniff?  For how long and where?  Do they move slower or faster than they do when they’re with the others?  Are you able to go different places than you normally would or pass different types of people or dogs or distractions?  Do you notice anything different about the energy level of individual dogs or the group when they’re back at home?

Or if you just find that too boring to handle, then maybe you can try for John Garcia’s Guinness Book of World Records dog walking record.  Was it 22 or 25 dogs at once?  Not that it matters at that point, and not that any of us are as cool or adept at working with dogs as John Garcia.



*A point of clarification:  When I refer to “one dog at a time”, I mean to indicate one leash and dog per person.  It of course still counts as “one dog at a time” when you’re walking with friends who also have their dog(s) with them.  “One at a time” simply means that you only have one dog at the end of your leash to focus on and handle at that moment.

About emily douglas

Emily Douglas authors The Unexamined Dog blog and writes regularly about "pit bull" advocacy, humane education and the parallels between the education field and the dog world. Emily and her dog, Peaches volunteer as a registered therapy dog team in the Southeast Michigan area, where their visits are affectionately known as Peach Therapy.
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13 Responses to One Dog at a Time

  1. Randi Woods says:

    Hi Emily. Another good post. Thank you.
    I recently read that section in Patricia’s book about taking the dogs one at a time, and it was (embarrassingly) an “aha” moment. Now I mostly do on-leash walks separately with the girls and unleashed trail walks together. A lot less stress for certain.

    • Thanks, Randi! Yeah, it was also a weird “aha” moment for me too. Especially since we had already been a one-dog household and knew how nice those 1on1 walks could be. We’ve always enjoyed our walks with Charlie and Hudson together and have logged more miles walking both of them in multiple states than I can possibly count. But it felt nice to hear folks who were behavior experts actually say aloud that one-dog-at-a-time is not only okay to do, but might actually be a lot more enjoyable and informative for both you and the dog. 🙂

  2. steph says:

    i have 2 dogs and i walk and doggysit other peoples dog and walking them 1 at a time was never worth it for me, my 2 dogs are really well trained and i find they calm the other dogs out. if i were to walk all the dogs individually it wouldnt be fair because we go for 3-4 hours walks and considering i work till 5 walking each of 3 or sometimes 4 dogs that long just wouldnt be possible. i find a well balanced pack helps keep the new comers calm. i just finished watching a dog, that with his owner goes after bikes and men(with no dogs), when i walked him with my 2 he didnt even react. so i dont agree that walking 1 at a time is good, the problem is that people dont train their dogs to not react or to even simply walk on a leash. so yes in those cases 1 on 1 might be good but what would be the best is training.

    • Hi Steph- That’s so great to hear that you’ve had such wonderful experiences walking multiple dogs. Nice job! And of course not everyone has or needs several hours a day to walk multiple dogs individually.

      The point of the post isn’t to suggest that walking one dog at a time is better or worse. This is simply a discussion about the importance of recognizing your dogs as individuals and learning to value their individual personalities and needs. You can’t possibly know who your dogs are and what their individual training and enrichment needs are if you don’t spend 1-on-1 time with them–observing their behavior and building a relationship with that one dog–in addition to the group time. It’s no different than human relationships and individual needs. Imagine if your parents never once spent any quality time with just you–getting to now you as an individual and learning about your needs, likes, dislikes, etc., and instead only knew you as you existed among your 3 or 4 other siblings?

      I agree with you that training is very important. And good training doesn’t happen in a “pack.” Training is about assessing an individual dog’s needs (i.e. reactive to bikes and men = a dog who needs some support and help developing positive associations with those things through classical and operant conditioning).

      I’d also recommend that you take some care with walking dogs for 3-4 hours at a time, which it sounds like you’re very thoughtful about. Dogs living in the wild wouldn’t personally choose to be out walking or exercising for that long. That’s not a normal species behavior. Different dogs of different ages, sizes, physical fitness levels and breed all have different exercise needs and capacities and not everyone is built for a 3 hour walk. Many dogs, if given a choice, wouldn’t choose to walk for that long at one time. Which is why it’s nice to assess each dog as an individual first to determine what might be best for that dog, and not just for us or the group.

      • steph says:

        Hi emily

        you get to know your dog individually when training is done as you cannot train 3 dogs at the same time as you mentioned, but i believe it is better for dogs to be walked together as a pack.

        as for the amount of exercise by dogs get yes i walk them 3 hours, we go hiking every day, either in the woods or around the lake, and of course i do not bring the 13 year old lab with me in those cases. each dog has his needs but most dogs will never suffer from walking to much. i am not saying i run with them for 3 hours straight in the boiling weather, we have a nice slow and faster at time walk either on leash or off leash depending on the location and the population level around.

        of course if it is a hot day and its 40c we will do many short walks instead of 2-3 longer ones.

        but on average my dogs are out 4hours during the week (either walking or in the dog run playing) and 7 hours on weekends (either walking, swimming or in the dog run)

        so yes one on one time is important when training but i believe and have seen, dogs are more happy walking in packs.

        my friend has 2 great danes when he walks alone with one dog or even with both his dogs one of the great danes stays behind and walks very slowly. but when our group joins him and all the dogs walk together (usually around 15 dogs and their human) the grate dane changes she walks at the same level as the other dogs, walks at the same passe and has her head high.

        but again there is no one size fits all book on how to train dogs, just like parenting, what might work for one wont necessarily work for all. it depends on the human behind the leash.

  3. ohmydogblog says:

    Hi, Emily! I just discovered you from The Doggerel’s blogroll and have loved poking around your site. We have 3 dogs, and walking them one at a time created a MASSIVE shift in our training. For a long time, it was just two – Emmett and Lucas. Lucas is VERY reactive; Emmett is as placid as they come. Walking them together went fine, but I wasn’t able to progress with Lucas because, no matter how calm Emmett is, with two you simply can’t focus on one (duh, right?) After we adopted Cooper, it was a disaster trying to take all 3. None of them were good at being left home alone, so the solution was to walk one at a time, leaving two at home together. And wouldn’t you know… I made more progress with Lucas those first few months of one-on-one walks than I had in the previous few years. Like you said, and like that excerpt says, it’s seems so obvious… after the fact! 🙂

    • Thanks so much for the nice message. Yeah, I think there’s some weird shift that happens when we go from 1 to 2 dogs, and then from 2 to 3. With just two dogs, it’s just so easy to think about the pair as one individual unit, rather than as two unique dogs with their own needs, even though they may do well together most of the time. Going from 2 to 3 really helped me regain some perspective and recognize and bond with each dog again. We have so much “group time” at home or if we go on trips, I want walks and outings to be special and more customized for the individual dog. Glad to hear you’ve been having the same positive experience!

  4. Amber says:

    Hello there! I just found this post and I loved it! I was wondering, though, did you experience any separation anxiety with the dog(s) left behind? I have two labs and the one who is left behind cries, barks, and whines (the other one sometimes pees when left inside) when I take the other for a quick walk. I am working on trying to keep them calm and address the separation issues but the walking part seems to be my biggest wall. Especially if no person is here with them to help distract them. Any suggestions? Thank you!

    • Hey Amber- Thanks so much for the comment and question. So, for the most part, this has not been a problem for our dogs because there’s always some kind of circumstance when an individual dog needs to be taken somewhere (i.e. to the vet, to training class, on a fun outing). So, the concept of other dogs leaving isn’t completely foreign to the them.

      Our oldest dog, Charlie, in certain contexts will do some stress barking/whining when we first leave with another dog on leash. But we’ve solved this problem by simply walking him first or leaving him in another area of the house with a high value treat of some kind so we can get out the door.

      In general, I never leave the house (with or without a dog) without giving the dogs a treat of some kind. If you’re guys definitely struggle with the separation anxiety, I’d first try establishing a routine where you give the dog you’re leaving something to do or something to find in another room (i.e. hiding treats in boxes or on the floor or just leaving them a frozen Kong with really good stuff in it). Once they get used to that routine, you can try leaving with the other dog while they do that. Sometimes it’s just a matter of “out of sight, out of mind” and giving them something equally valuable in place of the walk. But I’m sure it all depends on how dialed into certain routines they are.

      There are a few related suggestions in this ebook that I mentioned in the post. You can buy it for just $7. Totally worth it:

      Good luck!

  5. Janice Zazinski says:

    So glad I found this! My husband and I are officially foster failures with our first foster, and while he’s a wonderful dog he is not leash trained yet and walking both dogs (our resident dog being a bit reactive) are very difficult. Now I feel I have “permission” to walk them separately. I was thinking of alternating morning walks and evening walks with each one: dog 1 in morning and dog 2 in evening one day, then dog 2 in morning and dog 1 in evening next day.

    Of course they get midday outings from our dogsitter, hikes with me and my husband, and copious playtime together in the yard.

    I have Patricia McConnell’s book and skimmed it last night … will go back and re-read it tonight!

  6. Lisa McCahill says:

    Thank you for this post. I recently adopted a second dog because I have the means to now and I’ve always wanted two dogs. I assumed that having two dogs meant walking with two dogs and that it would be the same as walking my one dog. Boy I found out that was wrong. So I’ve been making many attempts to resolve the reactivity by consulting with a dog trainer, using different collars, using treats to maintain their attention. It’s been 3 months of hard consistent work and I’d say I’m 75% there. 25% of the time there’s that breed that one of them doesn’t like and it’s a loud, barking, lunging mess or there’s just unpredictable circumstances that sets one of them off, and then the other. I just can’t seem to shake that 25% and I have not had a relaxing walk with both yet. I have walked the newer pup individually and those walks are indeed relaxing. So I started to think, maybe these dogs are not meant to be walked together. At home and off leash at the beach, they’re great. I read your post and it was so validating. I thought it was ridiculous that I would have to walk dogs individually, consecutively. But it seems I’m not the only one and I so appreciate knowing this. Maybe when we see people walking single dogs, they too have an extra dog or two at home waiting for their walk. I was just assuming I was the only one in the neighborhood with reactive, misbehaving, embarrassing dogs. I like the idea of only walking them together when my husband can take the other dog or when they can be off leash. And then for neighborhood walks, just walk one at a time. It puts me at ease to come to this conclusion, and to know others do that too. Thank you!!!

    • Lisa, thanks so much for this comment and I’m so happy to hear that this helped. I wrote this post nearly 6 years ago and I still think about this issue all the time. Our two older dogs have since passed but we still have our two younger dogs who are genuinely buddies, but who do still benefit from individual walks and are terrible on leash together. Your comment about “I started to think, maybe these dogs are not meant to be walked together,” is right on. Having that kind of insight and ability to really examine your dogs as individuals and accept who they are and what works for them makes all the difference in the world. If you ever want to hunt around for more super cheap, accessible resources on stuff like this, I highly recommend this site:

      Mcconnell’s site is where I learned about this issue and she’s got a bunch of super short, simple $7 e-books on her site full of nuggets of wisdom like this, along with an online learning center if you’re interested.

      Your dogs are lucky to have you. Hope you get out today and enjoy some lovely individual dog walks in the sun. 😉

  7. Mario Olivetti says:

    Ms. Douglas,
    Thank you for your post! I just found it after a quick search to help me understand what just happened: I walked one of my two dogs by himself tonight, and was amazed how fast he walked (i.e., at full pace) and hardly stopped to sniff. He walks so slowly he’s almost stopped and stops to sniff every three inches when I walk him with my other dog (who is not at all slow). They’ve been together literally since day 1 and get along really quiet well. Nonetheless, my “slow” dog strongly prefers to walk without him! Now I know and will walk them separately when I can!
    M. Olivetti

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